Understanding Diarrhea & Dehydration

Diarrhea is a disease which is quite often among infants and toddlers, in addition to other common illnesses such as flu, cough, or constipation. To understand whether the baby has diarrhea, stool or feces baby check carefully and the frequency of bowel. Called when a diarrhea stool is more watery and accompanied BAB is more often than usual.

Diarrhea is generally more of a nuisance than a medical problem, and soon disappeared in the presence of extra fluid and small changes in the diet. However, if not treated early, can develop into diarrhea dehydration, and if left unchecked, the baby may have to stay in the hospital for infusion should obtain assistance. Moreover, there are also symptoms of vomiting that accompany this disease so that the baby’s nutritional deficiencies.

Causes of diarrhea

During childhood, usually diarrhea caused by infection of the intestine and stomach, flu, inability to receive food, or antibiotic treatment. Sometimes the baby’s stools are also turned into a watered-down when he is teething, but these events usually only lasts a few days and nothing to worry about.

The problem is when a layer associated with intestinal infections, because this condition is very difficult to heal. When exposed to infection, brush-like layer is injured, along with digestive enzymes in it so that undigested food can get in as well. Thus, children with diarrhea stools due to inflammation of the stomach and intestines is often out, watery, green, slimy, foul-smelling, occur suddenly, and sometimes there are spots of blood.

Infection is the most common cause of diarrhea

Virus. For example, flu virus, can also cause diarrhea.
Bacteria. These include E. coli, Salmonella, and other bacteria. Usually due to bacterial infection makes baby vomiting and fever. Bloody diarrhea is a sure sign of bacterial infection in the gut.
Parasites. Typical signs of parasites is very watery stool in diarrhea that occurred more than two weeks.
Generally when children get diarrhea, The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends the following diet: resume normal formula with a portion of the 24-hour time and advanced to the regular menu at 48 hours. In the specific cases, BRATY diet (Banana / Banana, Rice cereal / cereal of rice, Apple sauce / applesauce, unbuttered toast / toast without butter, and yogurt) are also recommended.

Dehydration

Diarrhea, upset the balance of electrolytes and water in the human body. In fact, when the body is healthy, bowels and kidneys can regulate both elements in order accurate composition organ function. Loss of water and electrolytes is called dehydration. This condition is further exacerbated when your baby is also suffering from vomiting.

Signs of mild to moderate dehydration, namely:

Body weight was reduced to 5%
Babies are still playing, but calmer behavior
His mouth was dry, fewer tears when crying
Urine quantity issued less frequently than usual
Signs of severe dehydration, namely:

Reduced weight between 55A? 10%
Lethargic behavior or overly sensitive, may be he too fussy
Eyes glaze
Soft spots in the head shrink (in infants under one year of age)
Dry mouth, no tears when crying
Dry skin, pale, and wrinkled
Urination rarely (only twice a day or less)
Dark yellow urine
If your baby shows signs of severe dehydration, immediately take the child to the hospital because he needed medical help.